Diabetics: Diabetes Statistics: Race, Age, Mortality & Complications
Get the Facts about Diabetes
According to data from the 2007 National Diabetes Fact Sheet, a total: 23.6 million children and adults in the United States—meaning 7.8% of the population have diabetes. Another 5.7 million people remain undiagnosed, and 57 million people are at risk for developing diabetes due to lifestyle and diet habits. Statistics detailing age group, race, complications, and death are staggering. In young people, under age 20, .22% in this age group have diabetes, one in every four to six-hundred children and adolescents has type one diabetes. In age groups of twenty years and older, 23.5 million, or 10.7% of all people in this age group have diabetes. And in age groups of men and women over the age of sixty years old,12.2 million, or 23.1% have diabetes. Men account for 12 million diagnosed diabetics, followed by 11.5 million diabetes diagnosed women, in America. By race, African-Americans lead with the greatest percentage, 11.8%, of diagnosed diabetics, followed by Hispanic (10.4%), Asian (7.5%), and Caucasian (6.6%) people diagnosed with diabetes in the U.S. The following statistics, according to the American Diabetes Association, should serve as a wake up call to all people at risk for diabetes:
Morbidity and Mortality
Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates in 2006. This ranking is based on the 72,507 death certificates in 2006 in which diabetes was listed as the underlying cause of death. According to death certificate reports, diabetes contributed to a total of 233,619 deaths in 2005, the latest year for which data on contributing causes of death are available.
Heart disease and stroke
• In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older.
• In 2004, stroke was noted on 16% of diabetes-related death certificates among people aged 65 years or older.
• Adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 2 to 4 times higher than adults without diabetes.
• The risk for stroke is 2 to 4 times higher among people with diabetes.
High blood pressure
• In 2003–2004, 75% of adults with self-reported diabetes had blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/80 mmHg, or used prescription medications for hypertension.
• Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years.
• Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year.
• Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of new cases in 2005.
• In 2005, 46,739 people with diabetes began treatment for end-stage kidney disease in the
• In 2005, a total of 178,689 people with end-stage kidney disease due to diabetes were living on chronic dialysis or with a kidney transplant in the United States and Puerto Rico.
Nervous system disease (Neuropathy)
• About 60% to 70% of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage.
• More than 60% of nontraumatic lower-limb amputations occur in people with diabetes.
• In 2004, about 71,000 nontraumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes.
• Periodontal (gum) disease is more common in people with diabetes. Among young adults,
those with diabetes have about twice the risk of those without diabetes.
• Persons with poorly controlled diabetes (A1c > 9%) were nearly 3 times more likely to have
severe periodontitis than those without diabetes.
• Almost one-third of people with diabetes have severe periodontal disease with loss of
attachment of the gums to the teeth measuring 5 millimeters or more.
Complications of pregnancy
• Poorly controlled diabetes before conception and during the first trimester of pregnancy among
women with type 1 diabetes can cause major birth defects in 5% to 10% of pregnancies and
spontaneous abortions in 15% to 20% of pregnancies.
• Poorly controlled diabetes during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy can result in
excessively large babies, posing a risk to both mother and child.
• Uncontrolled diabetes often leads to biochemical imbalances that can cause acute lifethreatening
events, such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar (nonketotic) coma.
• People with diabetes are more susceptible to many other illnesses. Once they acquire these
illnesses, they often have worse prognoses. For example, they are more likely to die with
• pneumonia or influenza than people who do not have diabetes.
• Persons with diabetes aged 60 years or older are 2–3 times more likely to report an inability to
walk one-quarter of a mile, climb stairs, do housework, or use a mobility aid compared with
persons without diabetes in the same age group.
Diabetes is a deadly disease. If you are a diabetic looking to improve your health, lose, weight, and live a better quality of life, please contact us to learn more about fitness programs and weight loss plans for diabetics.